In the West I think we've obviously made large progress as a species in the past 500 years. I wonder what do other posters think are the top 5 areas of progress, here's my first stab (in no particular order)
Transfer of knowledge (includes education)
We've become very good at sharing knowledge and discoveries amongst millions of people
Specialisation of labour & complex co-operation
People are able to specialise very strongly in one area, nearly all jobs take weeks of training and most takes years. This frees up people to pursue their own niche & best talents.
Rather than the State, the Crown or the Church rights are now vested in individuals
We've massively reduced our violent tendencies
We rigorously test and refine hypotheses and discover new truths
What do others think ?
(note I'm claiming the 5 above as the fundamental/source/causation factors - so outcomes such as increased wealth, health etc come from them)