''We were slaves. Serf-minded. Collins came along and lifted us out of that.'' - Óglach Dan Breen, 3rd Tipperary Brigade, IRA
Translation:Diaspora Na Gael - The Exodus of the Gael
Cha b'e 'n clò ciar nach b' fhiach 'f hùcadh, mar a míníonn an seanfhocail mar gheall ar Gníomh Parlaiminte 1746 san Alban.
Ciallaíonn an focail 'Diaspora' cine airithe a bheith scaipthe ar fud an domhain. Focail Greigise is ea e a husaideadh le scaipeadh na nGiúdach a mhíníu nuair a dibríodh as a dtír féin iad in aimsir na Romans. Chuaigh siad ar an gcéad dul síos go dtí na tíortha ar an Meanmhair, deisceart na hEorpa ach go hairaithe. Ansin chuaigh siad o thuaidh th'eis dóibh gearleannúint is díbirt a fhuallaingt i dtíortha fe leith. Churaidh as a dtir féin iad de bharr cogaíocht le na gcomharsana. Tá a lan i gcoíteann idir na nGaeil is na nGiúdach, agus caitheadh amach as a dtír féin an bheirt acu de dheasca an impiriúlachas, is tá na nGaeil is na nGiúdach scaipthe anois ar fud an domhan mhóir.
“It’s not the home-spun clothe which is the problem, as the old proverb says about the Act of ’46 in Scotland.
“The word ‘Diaspora’ means a group of people who are scattered across the globe. It’s a Greek word used to explain the scattering of the Jews across the globe when they were cast out of the homelands by the Romans. In the beginning they mostly traveled to the South of Europe. They were expelled due to conflict with their neighbours. The Jews have a lot in common with the Gaels, as both of them have been expelled from their homelands because of Imperialism.’’
Diaspora Na Gael - The Exodus of the Gael
What is perhaps less well known than other aspects of Irish and Scottish history, are the large numbers of our people that were rounded up and transported to the colonies to be sold into slavery.
Political prisoners were routinely sold into slavery, and The Act of Proscription (1746), which was passed after the Battle of Culloden stated that anyone wearing tartan or Highland dress was subject to transportation. Conditions on the ships were appalling, and many would not survive the long, grueling sea crossing and the cruel treatment meted out.
As early as the 1600’s, ships from Leith and Port Glasgow in Scotland sailed off to the colonies laden with Gaelic people that had been rounded up to be sold at the block, sometimes to line the pockets of their compatriots. The numbers taken as slaves must have been huge, as according to the Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series, America and West Indies of 1701, we read that there was an estimated 25,000 slaves in Barbados alone, of whom 21,700 were believed to be white. The fair-skinned slaves in this area were known as Redlegs or Redshanks by the locals, because of their sunburned flesh. It was upon the sweat and tears of these unfortunate people that the British economy was driven forward and thrived.
Descendants of the Gaels forced into slavery are now beginning to realize that it a part of our history that has been quietly swept under the carpet, and are understandably feeling very angry. Pressure groups are looking for an official apology, and there is even a Scottish Slave Facebook page that is an “open group to all who believe they are descendants of the Scottish slaves, and all who support the recognition that this happened and demand an apology from the government”.
A brief history of the origins and social history of the Jewish community in Ireland:
Portobello - Little Jerusalem
The area was also known as Little Jerusalem because in the first half of the Twentieth century it was at the heart of the Jewish community in Dublin. The first Jews fleeing conditions in Lithuania (then part of the Russian Empire) arrived in the early 1870s and eventually settled off Lower Clanbrassil Street. http://www.politics.ie/forum/history...-period-9.html
Dublin Tenement Life: An Oral History of the Dublin Slums - https://www.amazon.com/Dublin-Teneme.../dp/0717140741
Little Jerusalem where most of the Lithuanian Jews settled is between the canal and the Liffey on the south side. Mushatts chemist was in the heart of the Liberties.
History of Mushatts
The American Indians used to call them Medicine Men and in the annals of medieval Dublin, Ireland, they might have been known as Witches or Alchemists. But with the progression of science, names like Apothecary and Pharmacist came into use. But whatever we call the science, the Mushatt family became an institution in the Liberties area in Dublin for over forty years. With their mixtures and preparations, they seemed to cure all the ills of the poor and working classes of the city – they sometimes found their way to the better off and, because the rich had a choice, their beliefs were often stronger than the actual medicine they were taking.
It was 1886 when Harry’s father, a credit draper, came to Ireland from a small town in Lithuania. He settled in Dublin where he married and had a family of five children. They were part of a community that had started to come to Dublin from Eastern Europe around 1834 to 1880.
Most of their customers were from the tenements in Dublin, particularly those in the Liberties. The people of the tenements, who lived in abject poverty, went to the Mushatt brothers because they really couldn’t afford a doctor. Because they made up their own medicines, they became known as the ‘fellas with the cures’. They made up to 44 different preparations, each written in a large book which they kept in the back of the shop under lock and key. The shop was never empty, serving up to 300 on a Saturday. The interesting thing was that most of their customers were women but, then again, women did most of the shopping for their men-folk in those days.
Harry Mushatt tells what it was like then: "we made our own medicines in the shop. My brother and I made up forty-four different preparations, from skin ointments, psoriasis ointments, foot pastes, stomach bottles, skin creames, tablets for kidneys, headaches, neuralgia…. all different things. Oh, there was a bond of trust and they'd come into the shop and it would be packed out. Tenement people, if one wasn't feeling well or met with an accident, Go to Mushatt's!, they'd say. They came from all over Dublin"
The history of the Jews in Ireland and especially Dublin would be incomplete without mentioning Mushatt's. I'm not saying every single Jew had the same experience as the Mushatt's, but that's the area where most of them are believed to have settled.. There was a synagogue nearby on St Kevins Parade.
A brief history of the Irish Jewish community during the Revolutionary period (1916-23):
Michael Noyk, 1884–1966, was born in the Lithuanian town of Telšiai and moved to Dublin with his parents at the age of one. An Irish Republican activist and lawyer, he most famously defended republican prisoners during the War of Independence and afterwards. In the 1917 Clare East by-election he was a prominent worker for Eamon de Valera and in the 1918 general election was election agent for Countess Markievicz and Seán T. O’Kelly. He was later involved in renting houses and offices for all the ministries established under the first Dáil. During the War of Independence he regularly met Michael Collins in Devlin’s pub on Parnell Square and helped to run the republican courts.
While Arthur Griffith’s early anti-Semitic comments (c.1904) are frequently recalled, it should be noted that he was an extremely close friend of Noyk’s from 1910 onwards and he remained Griffith’s solicitor until his death in 1922.'' - https://comeheretome.com/2013/11/07/...eriod-1916-23/
Ellen Odette Cuffe, Countess of Desart (née Bischoffsheim; 1 September 1857 – 29 June 1933) was a London-born Jewish woman who was best known as an Irish politician, company director, Gaelicist (President of the Gaelic League for a time) and philanthropist in Ireland. She has been called '"the most important Jewish woman in Irish history".
She was interested in the Gaelic revival of the time and became a member of the Gaelic League and was elected its president, succeeding her brother-in-law, Captain Otway Cuffe, who was mayor of Kilkenny.
She was appointed to the Irish Free State Seanad Éireann as an independent member in December 1922 by the President of the Executive Council. She was one of four women elected or appointed to the first Seanad in 1922. She was the first Jew to serve as a Senator in Ireland. She was appointed for 12 years in 1922 and served until her death in 1933. - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellen_...tess_of_Desart
“Zionist leaders paid homage to the Irish, too. For example, while fighting the British in Palestine, Yitzhak Shamir, adopted the code-name Michael, in tribute to the Irish guerrilla leader Michael Collins. ''It was to the heroes of the Irish revolution that I paid tribute to years after, by choosing 'Michael' as my underground alias. - Colors of Zion - https://books.google.ie/books?id=LIo...XvAUgQ6AEIejAO
Westland Row - Throughout my whole life in Ireland, I never experienced any antisemitism there.' - Jewish Ireland in the Age of Joyce: A Socioeconomic History - https://books.google.ie/books?id=Hpz...jcBsgQ6AEIZzAP