Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that man is naturally good and that vice and error are alien to him. This creates a conflict between “nature” and “artifice” in attitudes to society, education and religion. In Emile or On Education he explores these notions in great depth.
The book explores "how, in particular, the individual might retain what Rousseau saw as innate human goodness while remaining part of a corrupting collectivity"
Rousseau's ideas were taken up by the leaders of the French revolution and were instrumental to Kant and Marx.
In more modern times we have the (perhaps lesser) figures of Maslow and Carl Rogers who in the mid twentieth century returned to this topic after the World Wars. Rogers said
"the potential of the individual human is unique, and we are meant to develop in different ways according to our personality. Rogers believed that people are inherently good and creative."
Maslow was plainer saying:
Moving forward to the early 21st century Yuval Noah Harari in his book Homo Deus catalogues all the good humans have achieved essentially taming three of the four horsemen of the apocalypse.,.. and death is on the list...... his work is muchThe fact is that people are good, Give people affection and security, and they will give affection and be secure in their feelings and their behavior.
more sanguine, for all the material good we do, we appear to do little with it?
So is humanity innately good?
What could we do to demonstrate this to Yuval Noah Harari's, or our own, satisfaction.