Follow @PoliticsIE
 
 
 
Page 1 of 2 12 LastLast
Results 1 to 10 of 13

Thread: Obstacles to Latin American unity?

  1. #1

    Default Obstacles to Latin American unity?

    Since the turn of the millennium, the foundation of Unasur has lent a new momentum to Bolivar's vision of South American unity, with a Bank of the South being launched and visa procedures between member nations being gradually eased, but many historical impediments may yet serve to hinder the integrational process:

    1. Uneven socio-economic wealth distribution:

    The latifundia system of land ownership hindered the process of economic development through South America for many centuries, and while reformist governments throughout the continent have initiated populist programmes, inequality will prevent the development of consumer economies for some time to come.

    2. Nationalised industries and protectionist policies:

    Where rightwing governments didn't allocate key industries to American investors at knock-down prices, leftwing governments kept vital industries such as petroleum in state hands, enriching the coffers of dictators rather than promoting the general good. Only since the Nineties has the opening of markets promoted transcontinental competition.

    3. The cult of the caudillo:

    Between the Spanish tendency to rule the regions through viceroys and the emergence of strongmen such as Bolivar and San Martin, the historical inclination towards rule through a caudillo, enforced through the study of the US model, saw legislatures largely ignored, and thus democracy has only permanently taken root in South America since the end of the Cold War.

    4. Ethnic/racist tension:

    While ostensibly, the universal use of Spanish as a lingua franca should make South American unity easier to accomplish than in Europe, national populations can be broken down into four mutually antagonistic groupings. The criollo are the most "pure" white community, descended from the original Spanish colonists, regarding themselves as superior to the other ethnic groupings, with Argentina, Chile and Uruguay largely composed of such settlers. More common are mestizos, descended from both whites and Indians, and the base population of most of the South American continent. Both look down on the mulattos, descended from Indians and blacks, most common in Brazil, but also Colombia and Venezuela. At the bottom of the traditional rung have been pure Indians, and their struggle to gain political power has been at the core of much social foment.

    5. Physical geography:

    Both the Andes and the Amazon have proved major physical barriers to regional trade and communication, but improved road and rail infrastructure, along with satellite and the Internet should assist endeavours towards regional integration.
    Last edited by FloatingVoterTralee; 14th May 2013 at 10:04 PM.
    My political compass:
    Economic Left/Right: -5.38
    Social Libertarian/Authoritarian: -5.64

  2. #2

    Default

    I'm afraid the biggest one is football.

  3. #3
    Politics.ie Member Niall996's Avatar
    Join Date
    Dec 2011
    Location
    London
    Posts
    10,771
    Mentioned
    0 Post(s)

    Default

    Is there a desire in South America for this unity?
    Bringing reconciliation, mutual respect and cross community understanding to Northern Ireland through facts

  4. #4
    Politics.ie Member Analyzer's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2011
    Location
    Northern Ireland - without forgiveness, there is dysfunctionality.
    Posts
    46,117
    Mentioned
    0 Post(s)

    Default

    6. The tendency towards chaos that exists in Latin American ??
    Coveney's ambition is the be Ireland's next EU Commissar and Ireland will pay a price as he builds his CV to position himself sufficiently loyal to the nEU empire.

  5. #5
    Politics.ie Member ManOfReason's Avatar
    Join Date
    May 2007
    Posts
    4,321
    Mentioned
    0 Post(s)

    Default

    Not sure about any EU like economic union that included Brazil - its huge economy would dominate the union, add on the difference in language and I think you would have a non-runner.
    Clicking an ad a day keeps Politics.ie in business.

  6. #6
    Politics.ie Member stopdoingstuff's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2011
    Location
    east and west
    Posts
    22,736
    Mentioned
    0 Post(s)

    Default

    The fact that no one cares about it or wants it beyond the usual elitists.
    Faoi mhóid bheith saor

  7. #7
    Politics.ie Member Niall996's Avatar
    Join Date
    Dec 2011
    Location
    London
    Posts
    10,771
    Mentioned
    0 Post(s)

    Default

    What about Asian unity?
    Bringing reconciliation, mutual respect and cross community understanding to Northern Ireland through facts

  8. #8

    Default

    They all dislike each other?....

  9. #9
    Politics.ie Member james5001's Avatar
    Join Date
    Oct 2009
    Posts
    11,482
    Mentioned
    0 Post(s)

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by FloatingVoterTralee View Post

    Where rightwing governments didn't allocate key industries to American investors at knock-down prices, leftwing governments kept vital industries such as petroleum in state hands, enriching the coffers of dictators rather than promoting the general good. Only since the Nineties has the opening of markets promoted transcontinental competition.
    That's false. There have been cases of governments using the profits to benefit the people.
    Latin America has gone its own way, rejecting ''globalisation'', with vast improvements made as a result.
    The world is a very puzzling place. If you're not willing to be puzzled, you just become a replica of someone else's mind.

  10. #10
    Politics.ie Member james5001's Avatar
    Join Date
    Oct 2009
    Posts
    11,482
    Mentioned
    0 Post(s)

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Analyzer View Post
    6. The tendency towards chaos that exists in Latin American ??
    There's no tendency. Only when outside governments fund killing machines to topple democratic governments.
    The world is a very puzzling place. If you're not willing to be puzzled, you just become a replica of someone else's mind.

Page 1 of 2 12 LastLast

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •