After some painstaking excavation and investigations, the University of Leicester this morning announced that the remains discovered in a council car park last year are, "Beyond reasonable doubt' those of king Richard the Third, the last plantagenet monarch of England & the last English king to die in battle.
Richard, killed at Bosworth during the last clash of the War of the Roses, was identified through DNA comparisons with living descendants, Radio-carbon dating and from known physical characteristics (he had a pronounced curvature of the spine).
BBC News - Richard III dig: DNA confirms bones are king's
He had suffered a large number of horrific injuries at or near time of death, including 'humiliation injuries' (a sword in the buttock). He sustained at least two potentially fatal skull injuries, and at least ten in all, suggesting assault by a number of assailants which seems to confirm contemporary accounts of the battle:
Richard III of England - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaPolydore Vergil, Henry Tudor's official historian, would later record that "King Richard, alone, was killed fighting manfully in the thickest press of his enemies"
However it also reveals that the withered arm, a feature of so many iconic portrayals of Richard, to have been the product of Shakespeares artistic license.
Interestingly the precise location of Richards remains in the carpark, were marked by a painted capital 'R'.
Richard III dig: 'R' marks the spot where skeleton found in Leicester car park | This is Leicestershire
The ability of science to bring history so vividly to life across hundreds of years has now reached genuinley astonishing levels - As have the capabilities and standards of the university system.