This is probably some sort of political stunt, but a court in Barcelona is accusing Italian pilots who bombed Barcelona during the Civil War (1936-39), causing 5,000 civilian deaths of 'crimes against humanity'.
Reabierto el frente judicial por los crímenes de la Guerra Civil | Cataluña | EL PAÍS
Apparently the case is based on the testimony of two people one of whom lost their parents to bombing and the other who was injured.A judge in Barcelona will have to investigate crimes committed during the Civil War. The Provincial Court of Barcelona has admitted a case presented by 'la Asociación Altra Italia' (Another Italy) on charges of crimes against humanity. These were allegedly committed essentially by 21 pilots of the [Italian] Aviation Legion during the war. These pilots participated in numerous bombardments of Barcelona between 1937 and 1939 and caused about 5,000 civilian deaths according to various estimations.
The decision of the Tenth Section of the court of Barcelona obliges the judge, under instruction number 28, to investigate the case and take a number of measures to clarify the facts. The result of this investigation will depend, according to judicial sources, on whether any of these pilots are still alive. In that case, Italy could be forced to extradite some of them.
It does seem like this is a Catalan nationalist agenda of some sort. In May of 2011, the separatist Catalan Republican Left (ERC) party called in the Ctalan Parliament for an official apology from Italy to the people of Catalonia.The case is based on the accusations of Alfons Cànovas, who on the 19th of January 1938, lost his father in one of the bombardments; and of Anna Raya who on October 1st 1937 was injured by a falling bomb in her school. According to the case presented by the lawyer Jaume Asens, the bombardments by the Italian air force violated all international norms. It was, 'an illegal foreign military intervention without any declaration of war', on the part of Italy.
Alas de horror, espoleta de disculpa | Edición impresa | EL PAÍS
Anyway, just to make the point that it's not only here that people try to use the past and victimhood for political ends.