Reading The Raj Quartet, passing reference is made to the above group, and the back-story is rather similar to that of Seán Russell. Upon the declaration of WW2, even the mainstream Congress leadership took umbrage that Britain included India without consultation, and were inclined to neutrality. Bose, however, decided that only active support for the Axis would secure Indian independence, travelling firstly to Berlin, and later to Tokyo, where the latter placed him in charge of an Indian National Army, which would march with their fellow Asians and inspire popular rebellion. Their actual wartime activities proved somewhat inept, only resulting in defeat, disease and desertion. The most interesting coda occurred later, as when INA survivors were put on trial, the public reaction was surprisingly, one of patriotic support, and it has been claimed the trials accelerated the timescale for eventual independence. So, much like the IRA, the difference between patriotism and treachery very much depends on individual perspective.