The conclusion to this third stage in this contest between Socialism and Catholicism in Ireland was quite different from the preceeding stages. In 1910 and 1912 the Irish Labour movement and its leaders, after the clerical onslaught, had faced the future with a confidence that was contagious. By the summer of 1914 the Irish labour movement was on the defensive, but not because the clergy alone were swarming to the attack. The cause of Labour in Ireland, and internationally, received some stunning blows in 1914. The first set-back came when the Transport Union was badly beaten in the great Dublin Lockout of September-February 1913-14, and the pride and backbone of the Irish Labour movement was literally decimated and all but financially wrecked. On top of this in March, 1914, John Redmond, leader of the Nationalist Party in the House of Commons, announced that he would accept an amendment to the House Rule Bill that would, in effect partition Ireland. An Ireland without Ulster would be an Ireland without Labour, for without the industrial north, Labour would have no chance in the Home Rule Parliament.
Hardly had the excitement which greeted the amendment died down when the First World War broke out in August, 1914. The failure of the International Socialist movement to make a serious attempt to prevent the war was a bitter blow. Still there was more, for Redmond announced soon after Britain declared war that Ireland stood solidly beside her in that momentous crisis. The defeat of the Transport Union, the proposal to partition Ireland, the outbreak of the war, and the Nationalist Party rallying to the banner of St. George all took place in the short space of six months. The struggle between Socialism and Catholicism was lost, as were indeed so many other problems, in this welter of calamity. When it was partially resumed after the war, the issues had been transformed by the stress and strain of even greater events. By 1918 the Catholic Church in Ireland warily faced a revolutionary Nationalism that had already swallowed and digested whole, without any visible after-effect, revolutionary Socialism.