It seems to be an article of faith that Moslems are opposed to the existence of the State of Israel for religious reasons. Personally, I never looked into the matter much but I assumed it was something to do with control of sacred places such as the Al-Aqsa Mosque or Temple Mount.
Things are not quite as they seem however. The Koran is a subtly nuanced book and while it certainly does criticise Jews and Christians, it doesn't dispute God's promise of the Land of Israel to the Jews. Indeed, it's hard to avoid the sense from the relevant section that the Jews are being threatened to take the Land of Israel or else. When they refuse, God/Allah punishes them for refusing his promise by causing them to wander in the desert for 40 years.
21. "O my people! Enter the holy land which God hath assigned unto you. And turn not back ignominiously, for then will ye be overthrown, to your own ruin."
22. They said: "O Moses! In this land are a people Of exceeding strength. Never shall we enter it until they leave it. If (once) they leave, then shall we enter."
25. [Moses] said: "O my Lord! I have power only over myself and my brother. So separate us from this rebellious people!"
26. God said: "Therefore Will the land be out of their reach for forty years. In distraction will they wander through the land. But sorrow thou not over these rebellious people.
In Sura 17, God/Allah speaks of how he saved the Jews from the Pharaoh and repeats how he had promised them the Land of Israel in which he'd urged them to live.
Here it is God/Allah who is speaking.
103. So [Pharaoh] resolved to remove them from the face of the earth. But We did drown him and all who were with him.
104. And We said thereafter to the Children of Israel, "Dwell securely in the land (Of promise)"
In case there is any doubt as to the view of Islamic commentators, we have the medieval tract, Tafsir Ibn Kathir (the Commentary of Ibn Kathir - one of the most famous Commentaries in the Islamic world). Does he question the validity of the offer of Israel to the Jews? Not at all, In the scornful eyes of Ibn Kathir, the Jews "declined to join Jihad, defied their Messenger, and refused to fight their enemy".
Pouring further contempt on them, he contrasts their cowardice with the faith and bravery of Muslims at the Battle of Badr.
Compare this to the better response the Companions gave to the Messenger of Allah during the battle of Badr, when he asked for their advice about fighting the Quraysh army that came to protect the caravan led by Abu Sufyan. When the Muslim army missed the caravan and the Quraysh army, between nine hundred and one thousand strong, helmeted and drawing closer, Abu Bakr stood up and said something good. Several more Muhajirin also spoke, all the while the Messenger of Allah saying,
inquiring of what the Ansar, the majority then, had to say. Sa'd bin Mu`adh said, "It looks like you mean us, O Messenger of Allah! By He Who has sent you with the Truth! If you seek to cross this sea and went in it, we will follow you and none among us will remain behind. We would not hate for you to lead us to meet our enemy tomorrow. We are patient in war, vicious in battle. May Allah allow you to witness from our efforts what comforts your eyes. Therefore, march forward with the blessing of Allah."Advise me, O Muslims!
On the day of Badr, Al-Miqdad said, "O Messenger of Allah! We will never say to you what the Children of Israel said to [Moses].
See source 4 for the full commentary.
So there you have it. The Koran recognises the divine promise of Israel to the Jews and in the eyes of one of Islam's most respected commentators, the only issue is that the Jews were somewhat less than staunch in their acceptance of it.
Who wants to break the news to Mister Ahmadinejad et al? Where's Digital Shariah when you need him?
1. The Holy Quran: Skra V. Mïda, or The Table Spread.
2. The Holy Quran: Skra XVII. Ban+ Isr-+l, or the Children of Israel.
3. Tafsir Ibn Kathir - Quran Tafsir - The Speeches of Yuwsha` (Joshua) and Kalib (Caleb)
4. Tafsir Ibn Kathir - Quran Tafsir - The Righteous Response of the Companions During the Battle of Badr